Lucretia Coffin Mott was born in Massachusetts in 1793-1880. After receiving a Quaker education, Lucretia became a teacher at the school. Her interest in women’s rights was kindled when she discovered that male teachers were paid double what women teachers received. She married fellow teacher James Mott in 1811 and became a Society of Friends minister in 1821. Lucretia and James were both active in the American Anti-Slavery Society and sheltered runaway slaves in their home.
In 1840 Lucretia and her friend, Elizabeth Cady Stanton journeyed to London as delegates to the World Anti-Slavery Convention, but were not seated because they were women. They began to advocate for full inclusion of women in all spheres of society and organized the 1848 Seneca Falls Convention to focus on women's rights.
Mott said, "I have no idea of submitting tamely to injustice inflicted either on me or on the slave. I will oppose it with all the moral powers with which I am endowed. I am no advocate of passivity."
Mott was the first president of the American Equal Rights Convention, helped found Swarthmore College, and continued to speak out on women's and slaves' rights until her death on November 11, 1880.
Image from Library of Congress. LC-USZ62-42559 (b&w film copy neg.).