Albert Schweitzer, (1875-1985), biblical scholar, organist, biographer of J. S. Bach, and medical missionary in Africa, perhaps the single best-known Protestant figure of the twentieth century. He was born in Alsace, a part of France claimed by Germany, and was himself a German citizen. He became a leader in the nineteenth-century movement that sought to discover the historical Jesus behind the Gospel accounts. But he gave up the life of scholarship to follow his sense of call to serve the people of Africa.
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